Fire Safety

Fire Safety consists of prevention, planning, and response. Everyone on campus whether a student, faculty member, staff member, or an outside contractor, has a responsibility to prevent fires, to plan for fire emergencies, and to respond according to the emergency plan. 

How You Can Prevent Campus Fire Hazards

Electrical Hazards

electrical

Use of electrical "octopuses" can result in overloaded circuits and fire. Replace damaged wires and match appliance power requirements to the circuit power. A general "rule of thumb" formula is:


appliance power (watts) / 110 volts = the approximate power (amps) being used.

Most electrical circuits only supply 15 or 20 amps for all the outlets on that circuit. Extension cords should not be used as a substitute for permanent wiring.

Appliances

 appliance

Use only U.L. listed appliances. Hotplates, percolators, irons, halogen lamps, space heaters, etc., should not be left unattended and are prohibited in some places. They should be unplugged after use and not stored until they are cool enough to touch. Keep heaters away from curtains and furniture. Match the size of an extension cord to the appliance power cord to prevent cord overheating.

Combustible Storage 

 combustable

Combustible material should not be stored in corridors, stairwells, or mechanical rooms.

 

 

Holiday Decorations 

 holiday

Open flames are prohibited. Cut natural trees are prohibited. Decorations must be removed before leaving for the holiday break.

 

Open Flames 

 flame

Candles, Bunsen burners, sternos, etc., should never be left unattended. Extinguish all open flames, even if left for a very short time. Most open flames require a permit.

 

Flammable Liquids 

 flammable liquids

Gasoline, paints, glue, etc., should not be stored in residential buildings. Flammable liquid storage in labs, shops, classrooms and office space, is limited to specific quantities and containers. Contact EPSD for specifics.

 

Obstacles 

 obstacles

Storage of bicycles, chairs, desks, and other items is prohibited in all exit ways. This includes securing bicycles to hand railings on ramps or stairs that are a part of the path of access/egress to buildings.

 

Smoking

 smoking

Smoking is not allowed in buildings on the UD campus.

 

Cooking

 cooking

Cooking should be done only in approved areas of kitchens, using U.L. listed appliances. Grease should be cleaned from appliances as soon as possible.

 

How You Can Plan for a Fire Emergency

General Evacuation Procedure

 evac

Participate in fire drills and take them seriously.

Be familiar with the location of at least two exits other than an elevator.

Elevators should not be used as an exit in a fire emergency

 

exitdoors 

Know the location and operation of the fire alarm system.

 

 pullstation

 

Remember 911 and keep the Campus Safety emergency number (5911) posted.

 

911 

 

Learn how to use fire extinguishers, how to select the right type, and typical locations.

 

 ext

Advise personnel to begin evacuating at the first sign of smoke or a fire alarm. Know the location outside the building where members of your department or class will meet upon exiting.

 

 designated 

Assign one person and a backup to assist with evacuating each disabled individual.

 

 handi

 

 

How You Should Respond During a Fire Emergency

Sound the Alarm 

 pullstation

 If you discover or suspect a fire, sound the building fire alarm.

 

 

 911

 Dial 911 or notify Campus Safety at extension 5911.

Extinguish the Fire 

 ext

Only use a fire extinguisher if the fire is very small and you know how to do so safely. Spend no more than 30 seconds making this effort.

Confine the Fire

closedoor

Close as many doors and windows as possible as you leave. This helps to confine the fire.

 

 

Exit via the Nearest Stairway or Exit

stairs

Try to rescue others only if you can do so safely. Take your personal belongings and exit the building. Do not use an elevator as an exit. Move away from the building and don't interfere with the fire department's efforts. Do not go back into the building until allowed back in by Campus Safety.

 

 

Meet at Pre-Designated Site

designated 

Congregate at the pre-designated location outside the building so that a head count of the group may be taken.

 

Assist Disabled Personnel

 handiIf the fire is not on the same floor, close all doors and wait for assistance. Have a second person report your location to Campus Safety or the fire department. Hearing or visually impaired persons should be notified of the alarm and assisted, if necessary, to a safe escape route. If necessary, disabled persons may be assisted to the stairwell landings to await emergency personnel. All doors to the stairwell must be closed in order to reduce the buildup of smoke. 

Additional Skills to Help You Survive a Building Fire

Feel Doors Before Opening

 closedoor

Feel the door before opening it. If it's hot leave it closed and seal cracks and vents to keep the smoke out. If it is cool, brace against the door and open it slightly. If there is heat or heavy smoke, close the door and stay in the room.

 

Crawl If There's Smoke

 crawk

If you get caught in smoke, get down and crawl. Cleaner, cooler air will be nearer the floor.

 

 

Signal for Help 

 signal

Hang an object out the window to attract the fire department's attention. If there is a phone in the room, call the fire department and report that you are trapped. Be sure to give your room and location.

 

If You Are On Fire 

 stopdropIf your clothes catch on fire, stop, drop and roll, wherever you are. Rolling smothers the fire. Use cool tap water (immediately) on burns. Don't use ointments. If skin is blistered, dead white, brown, or charred, seek medical attention.