The Institutional Review Board (IRB) was established to assist researchers in the
protection of the rights and welfare of human subjects involved in research.
There are three ways to have a course or project approved by the IRB. For full documentation
concerning the IRB policies on research involving human subjects, please see below.
- Exempt registration: Certain basic research projects (such as surveys) do not require approval by the IRB,
but still must be registered.
- Non-exempt research approval: Research projects which fall under the jurisdiction of the IRB and cannot be exempt
need to be fully approved by the IRB prior to their inception.
- Expedited approval: Research that is not clearly exempt from prior approval can be submitted to the IRB
using the standard approval form, and may be expedited towards approval by the committee.
A decision will be given by the end of the second business day after the calendar
day of the request being made.
Learning the Policies & Procedures
- Please avail yourself of a free training module designed for researchers who will be using human subjects in their studies. Some
universities require all researchers who submit a full review proposal to complete
- The original documentation, from which the information on this page is nearly verbatim
taken, can be downloaded as a pdf.
- Download the guidelines for applications for registration of exempt research, expedited IRB
review and full IRB review.
- Be sure to use the proper consent form for human subjects in research.
Policies and Procedures Related to the Use of Human Subjects in Research
Note: the policies set forth in this section are in addition to, and not prejudicial
to, any other policies and regulations of the University.
The policies of the Institutional Review Board (IRB) are intended to protect the rights
and well-being of persons who are subjects of research that is sponsored, funded,
conducted, or supervised by the University of Dallas and its faculty. These policies
- To assure such privacy as may be reasonably expected by those who are survey participants
or otherwise subjects of observation
- To secure confidentiality and other rights of persons who are the subjects of research
that seeks to alter significantly the behavior or state of health of the subjects,
or that poses more than minimal risk that participation in the research may significantly
affect the physical or emotional well-being of the subjects.
No researcher may include in the publication of the results of a survey or other observational
technique such data or other information by which the identity of an individual participant
in the survey, or the identity of an individual observational subject, may be directly
discovered, unless the participant or subject has given express, informed, and deliberate
consent to such identification.
The researcher is responsible for maintaining written records of any such consent,
in such form that the consent is not merely implied but reasonably demonstrated. Such
records shall be maintained for a period of seven years from the date of publication
of the research results and shall be open to inspection at any time within that period
by the Institutional Review Board.
What type of research needs prior approval?
- Research on human subjects which poses more than a minimal risk to the physical or
emotional well-being of the subjects
- Research using participants from vulnerable populations, such as children or individuals
with limited cognitive abilities
- Research that seeks to alter significantly and beyond a short term their behavior
or state of health.
Any of the above shall require prior review and approval by the IRB without regard
to the source of sponsorship or funding of the research.
Which project types are exempt from needing prior approval?
Research involving human subjects is specifically exempt from the prior approval of
the IRB if any of the following conditions apply:
- Only observational or survey techniques are used, in public settings or in settings
in which in ordinary life outside the research protocol there is no reasonable expectation
of privacy or confidentiality.
- The research uses only testing or other techniques ordinarily used in an educational
- The anticipated probability and magnitude of harm or discomfort to the subjects or
participants in the research are not greater in and of themselves than those ordinarily
encountered in daily life or during the performance of routine physical or psychological
examinations or tests.
What is the procedure for class projects which are exempt?
A faculty member who requires students to undertake research on human subjects, which
research is believed to fall under the provisions for general exemption from prior
review as specified shall:
- Provide to every research student a written protocol establishing parameters for the
research that will ensure that the research shall be and remain within the provisions
- Provide a copy of this protocol to the IRB before the research begins
A faculty member making such a research assignment assumes full responsibility for
ensuring that all research carried out by a student meets the parameters described
in the protocol submitted to the IRB, and that any research outside the scope of that
protocol is submitted for separate review by the IRB.
How is a research proposal submitted?
An investigator who plans research which falls within the scope of needing approval
from the IRB as outlined above shall make application to the IRB, through the Presidents
Office, for approval of the research before beginning the actual research work. The
IRB may not approve such research begun without its approval.
An application template, with instructions included, should be downloaded, filled
in, and submitted (see application for specific instructions).
.pdf application / .doc application
For a research project which is exempt, although no prior approval is needed in order
to begin research, a registration of the project with the IRB is required. This can be done by filling out the form for Registration of Exempt Research. In addition to the form submission, a copy of the protocol detailing the controlling
parameters of the research should be submitted to the IRB.
What is the process of approval by the IRB?
The Chairman of the IRB shall provide a copy of the application to every member of
the IRB. The members shall consider the application and meet to vote on the application.
The IRB may approve the application, disapprove the application, or require modification
of the research proposal.
The IRB must vote on the application and notify the applicant of the vote within thirty
days of receiving the application, except, however, the IRB may extend its consideration
for an additional thirty days if the complex or unusual nature of the proposed research
requires more extended consideration or assistance from one or more outside experts.
Any further extension may be appealed by the applicant to the President of the University,
who must act within ten days either to approve or disapprove such further extension,
which must be to a date certain.
What if an application is not approved?
Should an application be disapproved, the reasons therefore must be given in writing
to the applicant. If the IRB requires modification of the research proposal, the required
modification(s) must be specifically enumerated and the grounds for each modification
must be stated.
What happens after approval?
Every investigator who has secured from the IRB prior approval of a research project
shall annually report to the IRB on the progress of the investigation, specifically
discussing the operation of the safeguards for the rights and welfare of the human
subjects involved in the research, with special mention of any complaints or problems
that have arisen in that regard.
The IRB shall have authority to oversee any research for which it has granted prior
approval, and shall have power to require special reports of the investigators, and
to stop the research work if it finds compelling evidence of damage to the rights
or welfare of human subjects of the research, or failure to implement fully the safeguards
of rights and welfare stated in the application for approval, even if there is no
evidence of specific instances of damage or abuse. Researchers are required to notify
immediately the IRB of any situation where there is an injury, harm, or complaint
of a participant.
What if it isn't clear that a research project is exempt from approval?
A faculty member who is not certain that a particular research project, of his own
or of one or more of his students, is exempt from prior review under the provisions
for general exemption shall make an application for prior approval and request an
advisory opinion as to whether the research is exempt. Such an application may be
eligible for expedited review by the Chairman of the IRB or by a single voting member
of the IRB designated for such purpose by the IRB.
If the faculty member requests such expedited review, an opinion shall be rendered
not later than the end of the second business day following the calendar day on which
the request is made. Should the IRB or its designee issue an opinion that a particular
research project is exempt from prior approval, that opinion may be relied upon, but
only by that faculty member and only for the particular research project specified
by the applicant in the application.
Special Procedures in Respect of Research Falling under Federal Regulations
Research conducted or supported by a federal department or agency (45CFR46 101), or
which a federal department or agency has specific responsibility for regulating as
a research activity (45CFR46 102 (e)), shall be governed by the applicable regulations
adopted by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services and codified in Title
45, Subtitle A, Part 46 of the Code of Federal Regulations as revised. If, as, when,
and where the provisions of these policies are deemed not to meet the minimum requirements
of the federal regulations, such additional policies and procedures as are needed
to conform to the minimum requirements of the regulations shall be formulated and
proposed by the IRB for consideration and adoption in the usual channels as elsewhere
specified in the policies and procedures of the University of Dallas.
About the Institutional Review Board
The Institutional Review Board is established to assist researchers in the protection
of the rights and welfare of human subjects involved in research. It is responsible
for prior approval of research involving human subjects that is conducted, sponsored,
or funded by the University of Dallas or its faculty, in those instances in which
prior approval is required by the provisions stated here. Prior approval by the IRB
may be countermanded by the President of the University, but its disapproval is not
subject to review. For the University of Dallas, the IRB is the Institutional Review
Board required by the applicable regulations of the U.S. Department of Health and
Human Services in respect of research involving human subjects that is
- Conducted or supported by a federal department or agency (45CFR46 101), or:
- which a federal department or agency has specific responsibility for regulating as
a research activity (45CFR46 102 (e)).
The IRB functions as a Board of Inquiry into allegations that a researcher has not
adhered to the policies and procedures set forth herein for research involving human
subjects. In such instances, its findings and recommendations are made to the Dean
of the faculty of which the chief investigator is a member, and to the President of
- The IRB consists of at least five voting members who have a variety of backgrounds
- The IRB shall include at least one member whose primary concerns are in scientific
areas and at least one member whose primary concerns are in nonscientific areas. At
least one member shall have expertise in ethics as a professional discipline. The
IRB shall also include at least one member who is not otherwise affiliated with the
University of Dallas and who is not part of the immediate family of a person who is
affiliated with the University of Dallas.
- Members of the IRB are appointed by the President of the University for staggered
- Regular terms of office of members of the IRB begin on September 1st of the year of
appointment. In the event of a vacancy before the end of the term for which the person
was appointed, the President may appoint another person to serve the remainder of
the unexpired term.
- The IRB shall meet in person at least annually, to review University policies and
procedures concerning research involving human subjects, and to review changes in
applicable laws, and to take up such other business as may be pending.
- The members of the IRB shall elect their own chairman at the beginning of each academic
year. A Secretary shall be selected to keep minutes of the meetings of the IRB.
- A majority of the IRB is a quorum for conducting all business. Any formal act of the
IRB, in particular any prior approval of research, must be pursuant to a motion duly
made and seconded and agreed to by a simple majority of the members present.
- Meetings are called by the Chairman of the IRB or by any two members acting in concert.
All members must be afforded ample notice of any meeting.
- Meetings may be conducted by telephone conference provided that no objection to this
procedure is made by more than one member of the IRB in any particular instance.