Title IX 


Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 ("Title IX"), 20 U.S.C. §1681 et seq., is a Federal civil rights law that prohibits discrimination on the basis of sex in education programs and activities. All public and private elementary and secondary schools, school districts, colleges, and universities (hereinafter "schools") receiving any Federal funds must comply with Title IX. Under Title IX, discrimination on the basis of sex can include sexual harassment or sexual violence, such as rape, sexual assault, sexual battery, and sexual coercion.


Title IX: The Basics

    1. Title IX is a federal civil rights that prohibits sex discrimination in education. It addresses sexual harassment, gender-based discrimination, and sexual violence. Sexual violence includes attempted or completed rape or sexual assault, as well as sexual harassment, stalking, voyeurism, exhibitionism, verbal or physical sexuality-based threats or abuse, and intimate partner violence.
    2. Title IX does not apply to female students only. It protects male and female students, faculty, and staff from any sex-based discrimination, harassment, or violence.
    3. Schools must be proactive in ensuring that your campus is free of sex discrimination. Schools must take immediate steps to address any sex discrimination, sexual harassment or sexual violence happening on campus to prevent it from affecting students further. If a school knows or reasonably should know about discrimination, harassment or violence that is creating a "hostile environment" for any student, it must act to eliminate it, remedy the harm caused and prevent its recurrence.
    4. Schools must have an established procedure for handling complaints of sex discrimination, sexual harassment or sexual violence. Every school must have a Title IX Coordinator who manages complaints. For the University of Dallas Title IX Coordinator, see below. If you decide to file a complaint, your school must promptly investigate it regardless of whether you report to the police, though a police investigation may very briefly delay the school's investigation if they are gathering evidence. A school may not wait for the conclusion of a criminal proceeding and should conclude its own investigation within a semester's time (the 2011 Title IX Guidance proposes 60 days as an appropriate time frame). The school should use a "preponderance of the evidence" standard to determine the outcome of a complaint, meaning discipline should result if it is more likely than not discrimination, harassment or violence occurred. The final decision should be provided to the victim and the accused in writing and both of them have the right to appeal the decision.
    5. Schools must take immediate action to ensure a complainant/victim can continue his or her education free of ongoing sex discrimination, sexual harassment or sexual violence. Schools, including UD, have the ability to issue a no contact directive to the accused, as well as make any reasonable changes to the victim's housing, class or sports schedule, campus job, or extracurricular activity, to ensure one can continue with their education free from any ongoing sex discrimination, sexual harassment, or sexual violence. These arrangements can occur before a formal complaint investigation, hearing, or final decision is make regarding the complaint, nor must they end after the process has been completed or bypassed by the complainant. Additionally, these accommodations should not over-burden complainant/victims or limit your educational opportunities. Instead, schools can require the accused to likewise change some school activities or classes to ensure there is not ongoing hostile educational environment.
    6. Schools may not retaliate against someone filing a complaint and must keep a complainant/victim safe from other retaliatory harassment or behavior. The school may not take adverse action against the complainant/victim for his or her complaint. Any retaliation can and should be reported in a formal Title IX complaint to the U.S. Department of Education since it is your right to be free from a hostile educational environment.
    7. Schools can issue a no contact directive under Title IX to prevent the accused student from approaching or interacting with the victim. When necessary for student safety, schools can issue a no contact directive preventing an accused student from directly or indirectly contacting or interacting with you. Campus Safety can and should enforce such directives. This is not a court-issued restraining order, but a school should provide one with information on how to obtain such an order and facilitate that process if you choose to pursue it.
    8. In cases of sexual violence, schools are prohibited from encouraging or allowing mediation (rather than a formal hearing) of the complaint. The 2011 Title IX Guidance prohibits schools from allowing mediation between an accused student and a complainant-victim in sexual violence cases. However, they may still offer such an alternative process for other types of complaints, such as sexual harassment. Realize it is your choice and you can and should seek a disciplinary hearing if you desire such a formal process. Schools are discouraged from allowing the accused to question you during a hearing. If your school allows that, consider getting a nonprofit attorney or other legal advocate to help you through the process and/or file a Title IX complaint with the U.S. Department of Education about that schools hearing process.
    9. Schools cannot discourage you from continuing your education. You have a right to remain on campus and have every educational program and opportunity available to you. It is your choice how to handle sexual harassment or violence, but realize you have a right to your education and the school MUST adjust to ensure you can continue free from that hostile environment.

Source: Know Your IX, US Dept of Education Dear Colleague Letter


Title IX Coordinator

The University of Dallas is committed to responding to incidents of sexual misconduct, harassment and gender or sexuality bias incidents in order to eliminate any hostile environment, prevent reoccurrence of sexual misconduct and address its effects. Students can seek appropriate remedies and/or file a grievance through the University's Title IX Coordinator.

All cases of sexual misconduct or harassment must undergo a Title IX investigation. Even if the complainant wishes not to file a formal complaint with the university or local officials, or wishes to keep his/her information confidential, the Title IX investigation will decided 1) on whether, and to what extent, the university must further investigate an allegation of sexual misconduct, and 2) what other protective measures or remedies might be considered to address any effects of the alleged sexual misconduct in the campus community.

The Title IX Coordinator's office is located on the second floor of Carpenter Hall. The university will help a victim through any steps they decide to take, while doing its best to protect their privacy and confidentiality.

Title IX Coordinator
Ms. Janis Townsend
Director of Human Resources
Carpenter 223
(972) 721-4142

Deputy Title IX Coordinator
Ms. Doré Madere
Director of Student Life
Carpenter Hall – 1st floor
(972) 721-4045


Further reading: 

United States Department of Education Office for Civil Rights: Questions and Answers on Title IX and Sexual Violence

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