Health & Well-being


CARE researchers conduct economic, geospatial, and policy evaluations related to health outcomes and behaviors in a community setting. Current interests include:

  • behavioral economics and health behavior
  • health and food insecurity
  • peer effects in health behaviors
  • neighborhoods and health

Current Projects


McKillop, C., Leonard, T., Pruitt, S., Tiro, J.  In Press. Do traditional economic theories of free riding behavior explain spatial clustering of HPV vaccine uptake? SSM: Population Health

Shuval, K., Leonard, T., Drope, J., Katz, D.L., Patel, P., Shepard, M.M., Amir, O., Grinstein, A. (In Press) Physical Activity Counseling in Primary Care: Insights from Public Health & Behavioral Economics. CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians.

Leonard, T., Ayers, C., Das, S., Neeland, I., Powell-Wiley, T.M. 2017. Do Neighborhoods Matter Differently for Movers and Non-Movers?: Analysis of Weight Gain in the Longitudinal Dallas Heart Study. Health & Place. 44: 52-60.

Leonard, T., Hughes, A.E., Pruitt, S.L. 2017. Understanding how low-socioeconomic status households cope with health shocks: An analysis of multi-sector linked data. The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science. 669(1): 125-145.

De Oliveira A, Leonard T., Shuval K, Sugg-Skinner C, Eckel C, Murdoch JC. 2016. Economic Preferences and Obesity among a Low-Income African American Community. Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization. 131: 196-208.

Berrigan, D., A. Hipp, P.M. Hurvitz, P. James, M. Jankowska, J. Kerr, F. Laden, T. Leonard, R. McKinnon, T.M. Powell-Wiley, E. Tarlov, S.N. Zenk. (2015). Geospatial and Contextual Approaches to Energy Balance and Health. Annals of GIS. 21(2): 157-168.

Shuval, Kerem, T. Leonard, B.T. Nguyen, T.H. Ngo, A. L. Yaroch. 2015. Behavioral Economics and Fruit and Vegetable Intake: The Fair Park Study. Health Behavior & Policy Review. 2(2): 92-99.

Powell-Wiley, T., R. Cooper-McCann, C. Ayers, D. Berrigan, M. Lian, M. McClurkin, R. Ballard-Barbash, S. Das, C. Hoehner, T. Leonard. 2015. Change in Neighborhood Socioeconomic Status and Weight Gain: Dallas Heart Study. American Journal of Preventive Medicine. 49(1): 72-79.

Shuval, K., Si, X, Nguyen, B., Leonard, T. 2015. Utilizing Behavioral Economics to Understand Adherence to Physical Activity Guidelines among a Low-Income Urban Community. Journal of Physical Activity and Health 12: 947-953.

Leonard, T., C. McKillop, J. Carson, K. Shuval. 2014. Neighborhood Effects on Food Consumption. Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics. 51, 99-113

Powell-Wiley, T.M., C. Ayers, P. Agyemang, T. Leonard, D. Berrigan, R.B. Barbash, M.Lian, S.R. Das , Hoehner, C.M. 2014. Neighborhood-Level Socioeconomic Deprivation Predicts Weight Gain in a Multi-Ethnic Population: Longitudinal Data from the Dallas Heart Study. Preventive Medicine. 66:22-27.

Pruitt, S.L., Leonard, T., Zhang, S., Schootman, M., Halm, E.A., Gupta, S. 2014. Physicians, Clinics, and Neighborhoods: Multiple Levels of Influence on Colorectal Cancer Screening. Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers and Prevention. 23(7): 1346-1355.

Shuval, K., Hebert, E., Siddiqi, Z., Leonard, T., Craddock, S., Tiro, J., McAllister, K, Skinner, C.S. 2013. Impediments and Facilitators to Physical Activity and Perceptions of Sedentary Behavior among Urban Community Residents: The Fair Park Study. Preventing Chronic Disease. 10.

Shuval, K., Gabriel, K., Leonard, T. 2013. TV Viewing and BMI by Race/Ethnicity and Socio-Economic Status. PLoS ONE 8(5): e63579. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0063579

Leonard, T., K. Shuval, A. De Oliveira, C. Skinner, C. Eckel, J. Murdoch. 2013. Health Behavior and Behavioral Economics: Economic Preferences and Physical Activity Stages of Change in a Low-Income African American Community. American Journal Of Health Promotion, 27:4, 211-221.

Shuval, K., Leonard, T., Skinner, C., Caughy, M., Kohl, H., Murdoch, J. 2013. Sedentary Behaviors And Obesity Among A Low Income, Ethnic Minority Population. Journal of Physical Activity and Health. 10:1, 132-136.