Philipp Rosemann - Research Insights

Philipp Rosemann, Constantin College

Philipp Rosemann"Peter Lombard's Sacramental Theology"

In the Author's Words
Peter Lombard was the author of the famous "Book of Sentences," the most influential theology textbook in the Christian West. Peter Lombard shaped the thought of generations of theologians, including such luminaries as Bonaventure, Thomas Aquinas, and Duns Scotus ... not to mention Luther. This chapter offers a short introduction to Peter Lombard's sacramental theology. The chapter discusses the Lombard's definition of sacrament and then treats penance and marriage as examples. Both of these sacraments show Peter Lombard as a transitional figure, someone whose thought wrestles with tensions between older views and the emerging scholastic sacramentology. So, for example, the author of the "Sentences" offers a beautiful theology of marriage, but not without warning about the moral dangers of sexual intercourse. His theology of penance, too, discusses questions that remain interesting and relevant. Thus, Peter Lombard asks a bout the relative priority of remorse and absolution: is it only the words of absolution that bestow God's grace? Is the remorse leading to confession not itself already a sign of grace?

Rosemann, P. W. (2017). Peter Lombard. In J. S. Holcomb & D. A. Johnson (eds.), Christian Theologies of the Sacraments: A Comparative Introduction. 59-80. New York: New York University Press.

Faculty Profile: Philipp Rosemann

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