Hugo Mnsterberg was a pioneer who revolutionized and strengthened psychology in the
United States. Mnsterberg left a legacy from his work as a scientist, philosopher,
and psychologist. His influence on the fields of applied, forensic, and industrial
psychology have shaped and have expanded the future of the American psychological
movement and its influence over several different fields.
The author attributes the origins of phenomenological psychology to the philosophies
of Husserl and Heidegger. Next, the author summarizes the metamorphoses of psychology
in the wake of the so-called Scientific Revolution of the seventeenth century and
how these metamorphoses prepared for phenomenology's emergence in a milieu of phenomenal
inquiry in complement to a predominantly quantitative methodology. Then, the author
considers the reception of phenomenology by the Munich School (where Lipps psychologism
was followed) and explores the disagreement between psychologism considered more broadly
and phenomenology about the basis of logic. This leads to a discussion of the distinction
between psychological and philosophical phenomenology on the basis of the method of
reduction or bracketing employed.
In this paper, I will explore the changing nature of schizophrenia throughout history,
drawing from previous historical psychological articles ones that reveal the way in
which schizophrenia was understood in the first 45 years that the term was coined,
as well as articles that explore the same psychological construct today. In addition
to looking at the historical construction of the term, I will use two different approaches
to guide my research.
In this paper, I will discuss the current reviewed literature on the relationship
between self-efficacy and academic performance among college students in light of
possible third variables that may affect this relationship. I will then state my hypotheses
and my method in conducting this study. I will present my results and then discuss
them, returning to the reviewed literature.
Does what you study impact your attitude towards people with mental disabilities?
Previous research has examined the association between experience and attitudes towards
people with mental disabilities (Crowson, 2010) and has found a strong positive correlation
between the two variables. Researchers have also found a mild correlation between
career pursued and attitudes towards people with mental disabilities (Hampton & Xiao,
This paper will first address the reviewed literature on self-esteem, self-efficacy,
social self-efficacy and social anxiety as well as the relationships between these
constructs. Next, the hypotheses and method for the present study will be explained.
The statistical results will then be presented, followed by a discussion of these
results in light of the literature reviewed. References and appendices will follow,
the latter containing the administered survey and visual representations of the results.
Our participant and his girlfriend set a time to meet. The girlfriend is late and
the participant begins to worry about where she is, or what may have happened to her.
When she finally arrives, he is irritated with her for being twenty minutes late.
He blames his actions on biological and evolutionary urges within himself that he
has little control over.
Phenomenology is a type of qualitative research in that its focus is in answering
the 'what is it' question rather than questions of frequency or magnitude such as
'how much' and 'how many.' While quantitative research answers these questions of
frequency and magnitude and therefore explains why the phenomenon of interest occurs,
qualitative research, including phenomenology, works to describe the phenomenon (Giorgi,
2009). Phenomenology as a qualitative method therefore does not oppose the quantitative
method but simply asks a different question in order to further explicate the meaning
of the phenomenon.
Auditory verbal agnosia, better known as pure word deafness (PWD), is an exceptionally
rare and specific type of auditory agnosia. Agnosias in general are defined as having
the inability to interpret and understand sensations. Like other agnosias, PWD is
not classified in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM)
because it is not considered to be a psychological disorder. The primary symptom of
PWD is the inability to comprehend spoken words. PWD patients describe hearing spoken
language as meaningless noise as though the person speaking was talking in a foreign
language. Additionally, it has also been noted that these patients experience greater
difficulty perceiving consonants because they are temporally more dynamic stimuli
compared to vowels which are steady state stimuli (Slevc, Martin, Hamilton, and Joanisse,
2011). Interestingly, patients with PWD maintain the ability to hear environmental
sounds, speak, repeat spoken language, read, and write (Wirkowski, Echausse, Overby,
Ortiz, and Radler, 2006).
It is an unfortunate truth that disasters, whether natural or man-made, occur and
force people into situations of high anxiety that often lead to death. John Leach,
a psychologist in the field of survival psychology at the University of Lancaster,
has observed, however, that people in these situations often die unnecessarily. This
surprising and seemingly unusual statement has led Leach to pursue the question of
why in an identical survival setting, some people die and others don't. In his studies,
Leach has identified cognitive processes, particularly working memory, which inhibit
one's ability to survive in a situation of extreme anxiety. Leach's findings have
ultimately led to the opinion that "it is not the 'will-to-live,' but the 'won't to
live' that matters" in a survival situation (Survival, 26).