On Nov. 1, 2019, the Solemnity of All Saints, the University of Dallas inaugurated its ninth and first alumnus president, Thomas S. Hibbs, Ph.D., BA '82 MA '83.+ Read More
Hugo Mnsterberg was a pioneer who revolutionized and strengthened psychology in the United States. Mnsterberg left a legacy from his work as a scientist, philosopher, and psychologist. His influence on the fields of applied, forensic, and industrial psychology have shaped and have expanded the future of the American psychological movement and its influence over several different fields.
The author attributes the origins of phenomenological psychology to the philosophies of Husserl and Heidegger. Next, the author summarizes the metamorphoses of psychology in the wake of the so-called Scientific Revolution of the seventeenth century and how these metamorphoses prepared for phenomenology's emergence in a milieu of phenomenal inquiry in complement to a predominantly quantitative methodology. Then, the author considers the reception of phenomenology by the Munich School (where Lipps psychologism was followed) and explores the disagreement between psychologism considered more broadly and phenomenology about the basis of logic. This leads to a discussion of the distinction between psychological and philosophical phenomenology on the basis of the method of reduction or bracketing employed.
In this paper, I will explore the changing nature of schizophrenia throughout history, drawing from previous historical psychological articles ones that reveal the way in which schizophrenia was understood in the first 45 years that the term was coined, as well as articles that explore the same psychological construct today. In addition to looking at the historical construction of the term, I will use two different approaches to guide my research.
In this paper, I will discuss the current reviewed literature on the relationship between self-efficacy and academic performance among college students in light of possible third variables that may affect this relationship. I will then state my hypotheses and my method in conducting this study. I will present my results and then discuss them, returning to the reviewed literature.
Does what you study impact your attitude towards people with mental disabilities? Previous research has examined the association between experience and attitudes towards people with mental disabilities (Crowson, 2010) and has found a strong positive correlation between the two variables. Researchers have also found a mild correlation between career pursued and attitudes towards people with mental disabilities (Hampton & Xiao, 2009).
This paper will first address the reviewed literature on self-esteem, self-efficacy, social self-efficacy and social anxiety as well as the relationships between these constructs. Next, the hypotheses and method for the present study will be explained. The statistical results will then be presented, followed by a discussion of these results in light of the literature reviewed. References and appendices will follow, the latter containing the administered survey and visual representations of the results.
Our participant and his girlfriend set a time to meet. The girlfriend is late and the participant begins to worry about where she is, or what may have happened to her. When she finally arrives, he is irritated with her for being twenty minutes late. He blames his actions on biological and evolutionary urges within himself that he has little control over.
Phenomenology is a type of qualitative research in that its focus is in answering the 'what is it' question rather than questions of frequency or magnitude such as 'how much' and 'how many.' While quantitative research answers these questions of frequency and magnitude and therefore explains why the phenomenon of interest occurs, qualitative research, including phenomenology, works to describe the phenomenon (Giorgi, 2009). Phenomenology as a qualitative method therefore does not oppose the quantitative method but simply asks a different question in order to further explicate the meaning of the phenomenon.
Auditory verbal agnosia, better known as pure word deafness (PWD), is an exceptionally rare and specific type of auditory agnosia. Agnosias in general are defined as having the inability to interpret and understand sensations. Like other agnosias, PWD is not classified in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) because it is not considered to be a psychological disorder. The primary symptom of PWD is the inability to comprehend spoken words. PWD patients describe hearing spoken language as meaningless noise as though the person speaking was talking in a foreign language. Additionally, it has also been noted that these patients experience greater difficulty perceiving consonants because they are temporally more dynamic stimuli compared to vowels which are steady state stimuli (Slevc, Martin, Hamilton, and Joanisse, 2011). Interestingly, patients with PWD maintain the ability to hear environmental sounds, speak, repeat spoken language, read, and write (Wirkowski, Echausse, Overby, Ortiz, and Radler, 2006).
It is an unfortunate truth that disasters, whether natural or man-made, occur and force people into situations of high anxiety that often lead to death. John Leach, a psychologist in the field of survival psychology at the University of Lancaster, has observed, however, that people in these situations often die unnecessarily. This surprising and seemingly unusual statement has led Leach to pursue the question of why in an identical survival setting, some people die and others don't. In his studies, Leach has identified cognitive processes, particularly working memory, which inhibit one's ability to survive in a situation of extreme anxiety. Leach's findings have ultimately led to the opinion that "it is not the 'will-to-live,' but the 'won't to live' that matters" in a survival situation (Survival, 26).
"Our department has two fundamental guiding principles: the study of political philosophy and the study of American founding principles," said Richard Dougherty, MA '89 PhD '93, associate professor of politics and director of the politics graduate program. It is this emphasis on American political development combined with the quality of faculty and the rigor of the University of Dallas' politics doctoral program that led the U.S. Department of Education to award UD a $250,405 grant for stipend support for politics doctoral students through its Graduate Assistance in Areas of National Need program.+ Read More
On Thursday, Sept. 26, several members of the university community gathered to celebrate the completion of Course II of the Studies in Catholic Faith and Culture program, the first component of UD's Liberal Learning for Life initiative. The course is titled "The Person: Tradition and History."+ Read More