Poetic Terms

Poetic Terms

The following short list of terms is comprised of the words you will be responsible for knowing on the objective section of the comprehensive exam. You may be asked to identify these in terms of examples; for instance, you may be asked to scan lines in order to identify meter, line length, etc.

Figures of speech

Ambiguity
Analogy
Anaphora
Anastrophe
Antithesis
Apostrophe
Chiasmus
Epithet
Hyperbole
Irony
Kenning
Metaphor
Metonymy
Oxymoron
Paradox
Parallelism
Periphrasis (circumlocution)
Prosopopoeia (personification)
Rhetorical Question
Simile
Symbol
Synecdoche
Trope
Understatement

Terms of literary analysis

Alliteration
Alliterative verse
Allusion
Anacrusis
Archaism
Ascending and descending meter
Assonance
Ballad stanza
Basic stanzas: couplet, tercet, quatrain, sestet, octave
Blank verse
Cacophony
Caesura
Catalexis
Conceit
Consonance
Diction
Elegy
End rhyme, internal rhyme
End-stopped lines
Enjambment
Epigram
Euphony
Free verse
Heroic couplet
Image
Imagery
Line length: monometer, dimeter, trimeter, tetrameter, pentameter, hexameter, etc.
Masculine and feminine rhyme
Metrical feet: iamb (iambic), trochee (trochaic),anapest (anapestic), dactyl (dactylic), pyrrhic, sponde (spondaic)
Ode
Onomatopoeia
Ottava rima
Persona
Prosody
Refrain
Rhyme royal
Riddle
Satire
Sestina
Sonnet (English)
Sonnet (Italian or Petrarchan)
Stichic versus strophic verse
Stanza
Stress
Substitution
Synaeresis
Syncope
Terza Rima
Tone
Villanelle
Voice
Wit

News

Iraqi Couple Will Use UD Education to Enrich, Preserve Culture

They came here so that someday, they can go back with even more to offer. Sana Kandalan, MA '19, and Anmar Oghanna, MBA '19, a wife and husband, both received scholarships to pursue graduate education at UD; they hope to use their degrees and experiences here to better serve their community back home in Erbil.

+ Read More

Trailblazing Golden Crusaders Pave Path for Future Generations

During their freshman year, a mere nine miles from the UD campus, President John F. Kennedy was shot in Dealey Plaza on Nov. 22, 1963. Kennedy's famous words, "Ask not what America will do for you, but what together we can do for the freedom of man," were imprinted on the memories of these freshmen, influencing the development of their characters and philanthropic spirits and empowering them to serve with distinction in all types of vocations.

+ Read More

Professor Scott Churchill Explores the Souls of Animals

After happening across the early biophilosopher Jakob von Uexküll as a freshman biology major, Professor of Psychology Scott Churchill began peering into the worlds of animals through what Uexküll called the "spiritual eye" rather than our physical one; there, he discovered the animal spirit.

+ Read More